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ASSOCIATION "UKRVNESHTRANS" is the assignee of one of the founders of FIATA.

14 November
2019
The history of the freight forwarding goes back to ancient times, when the first caravans of goods began to cross the borders of the states of the Eurasian continent. Since ancient times, giving purposeful movement to goods has turned them into a cargo, and the organizers of this movement have been called freight forwarders. And over time, the organization of trade flows not only continued, but also expanded its geography, as well as the range of goods transported.
 
By the beginning of the twentieth century, forwarders in European regions had already united in regional and national associations.
 
 On May 31, 1926, in Vienna, the capital of the First Austrian Republic, the International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations (FIATA) was established.
 
The decision to create the Federation was made by 5 national freight forwarders associations, and 11 regional.
 
Initially, the goal of creating FIATA was to expand the scope of activities and protect the interests of the forwarding industry around the world. And the very first task on the way to achieving the goal was established by the founders to facilitate international forwarding activities by introducing standard forwarding conditions into practice.
 
The desire for development among the members of the Federation was so strong that already after 2 years - in 1928 - FIATA accepted the first model terms of forwarding activity and arbitration and became a member of the International Chamber of Commerce.
 
Throughout its nearly century-old history, the FIATA Freight Forwarding Federation has constantly expanded the geography of its presence and strengthened its influence in the international arena. By the mid-20th century, the authority of FIATA had become so significant that the documents and forms developed and adopted by the Federation were included in UN Recommendation No. 1 for use in member countries to simplify trade and transportation procedures:
 
The international recognition of FIATA documents and forms is due to the fact that due to their universality and the application of reasonably justified conditions of freight forwarding and transportation, insurance guarantees, they create favorable conditions that meet the requirements
all participants in foreign trade transactions for multimodal transportation.
 
Ukraine has historically been involved in the establishment of the FIATA federation, one of the founders of which was the Lviv Regional Association, which was full
Member of the Federation until 1939, when, in accordance with the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, Lviv became part of the USSR. Thus, the ways of representatives of the forwarding industry of Ukraine and FIATA diverged for more than half a century - until 1993, when the status of an associate member of the federation was granted to Kyivvneshtrans. And in April 1994, at a session of the Board
FIATA in Zurich, the status of full member of FIATA received the Association of International Forwarders of Ukraine "UKRVNESHTRANS".
 
In October 2016, during the FIATA World Congress in Dublin, the capital of Ireland, the association was awarded the certificate of the founder of the Federation. The meaning laid down by FIATA in this diploma is to pay tribute to Ukraine and the Ukrainian forwarding community for their participation in the formation of the world forwarding community.
 
Today, FIATA is the largest international non-governmental organization, uniting 110 forwarding associations from 101 countries and more than 5.5 thousand individual members from more than 160 countries. The Federation represents the interests of almost 50 thousand forwarding organizations of various forms of ownership from 165 countries, in which about 10 million people work.
 
The scale of the Federation’s activities has led to the complexity of its internal structure: FIATA is structured into institutes, advisory bodies and working groups. Moreover, each structural unit, in turn, operates in a specialized area that affects the organization of the international movement of goods.
FIATA institutes are organizations created to conduct research, develop proposals, justifications on the problems of land, sea, air and multimodal transport, logistics and customs, trade and improve information technologies. The Federation includes 3 institutes: the Institute of Multimodal Transport, the Institute of Air Transport, the Institute of Customs, as well as 4 permanent advisory councils: on dangerous goods; on information technology; on legal issues and vocational training.
 
Over time, not only the FIATA structure has changed and expanded, but also the focus of its activities. To date, FIATA has already identified 5 main goals of its activity: unification of the global forwarding industry; Representation, support and protection of the interests of the forwarding industry in international bodies and organizations; popularization of forwarding services among the target audience (cargo owners and consignees); improving the quality of services provided by forwarders through standardization of forwarding documents and standard forwarding conditions, the introduction of electronic exchange of information; assistance in vocational training and advanced training of freight forwarders.
 
For 90 years, FIATA has gone from a local association of associations from 5 countries of Europe to a system-forming entity of geopolitical scale. The Federation successfully implements its tasks. FIATA is a non-governmental organization and today covers about 40 thousand freight forwarding and logistics companies. FIATA is also known as the “Transportation Architect”, it employs about 8-10 million people from 150 countries. Today, FIATA is an influential entity in the international freight forwarding industry. FIATA has consultative status with the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC ) United Nations (in particular ECE, ESCAP, ESCWA), United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL).
 
FIATA is recognized as a representative of the freight forwarding industry in many other non-governmental organizations, government bodies, private international transport organizations, such as the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the International Union of Railways (UIC), and the International Road Transport Union (IRU), World Trade Organization (WTO), etc. In 2016, in Dublin, during the FIATA World Congress, a cooperation agreement was signed with OSJD.